ANTECENDENT FACTORS YANG BERPENGARUH TERHADAP KOMITMEN ORGANISASIONAL DAN KINERJA ORGANISASI

Ketut Sudarma(1*),

(1) Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Negeri Semarang
(*) Corresponding Author

Abstract


The organizational performance has not achieved its optimum yet in Private Higher Education in
Central Java due to several factors both the external factors and internal factors. The external
factors are intense competition going on competition is among private university itself,
competition with State University, as well as the possibility of competition with foreign
universities. The internal factors are derived from the behavior of its own human resources, such
as the tendency of low organizational commitment, ineffective leadership, organizational culture
and career development that is not performing well. The purposes of this study are to describe
the organizational culture, transformational leadership, career development, organizational
commitment and organizational performance, to analyze the influence organization culture,
transformational leadership and career development on organizational commitment and
organizational performance, to analyze the influence of organizational culture, transformational
leadership and career development to organizational performance through organizational
commitment. The study population numbered 396 head of course. Sample of 130 respondents
assigned, according to recommendation of Hair, et al. (1998) that the sample for SEM analysis
between 100-200 respondents. The data analysis is using SEM (Structural Equation Modelling).
The results of this study show that organizational culture, transformational leadership and career
development are statistically positive and significant impact on organizational commitment; and
organizational performance. Organizational commitment mediates the effect of organizational
culture, transformational leadership and career development to organizational performance.
Thus, organizational commitment is very important and needs to be improved as early as
possible so that human resources in universities in Central Java have better responsibility and
loyalty to their institutions.

Belum maksimalnya kinerja organisasi pada Perguruan Tinggi Swasta di Jawa Tengah
disebabkan oleh beberapa faktor di antaranya adalah faktor eksternal dan faktor internal. Faktor
eksternal yaitu ketatnya persaingan yang terjadi, yakni persaingan antar Perguruan Tinggi Swasta
sendiri, persaingan dengan Perguruan Tinggi Negeri, maupun kemungkinan persaingan dengan
perguruan tinggi asing. Faktor internal yaitu bersumber dari perilaku sumber daya manusia
sendiri, seperti kecenderungan rendahnya komitmen organisasional, kepemimpinan belum
berjalan efektif, budaya organisasi dan pengembangan karir belum terlaksana dengan
baik.Tujuan penelitian ini adalah: mendiskripsikan budaya organisasi, kepemimpinan
transformasional, pengembangan karir, komitmen organisasional dan kinerja organisasi,
menganalisis pengaruh budaya organisasi, kepemimpinan transformasional, penegembangan
karir terhadap komitmen organisasional dan kinerja organisasi, serta menganalisis pengaruh
budaya organisasi, kepemimpinan transformasional, pengembangan karir terhadap kinerja
organisasi melalui komitmen organisasional. Populasi penelitian berjumlah 396 ketua program
studi. Sampel ditetapkan 130 responden, sesuai rekomendasi Hair, et al. (1998) bahwa sampel
untuk analisis SEM antara 100-200 responden. Analisis data menggunakan SEM (Structural
Equation Modeling). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa budaya organisasi, kepemimpinan
transformasional dan pengembangan karir berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap komitmen 

organisasional dan kinerja organisasi. Komitmen organisasional memediasi pengaruh budaya
organisasi, kepemimpinan transformasional dan pengembangan karir terhadap kinerja organisasi.
Dengan demikian membangun komitmen organisasional sangat penting dan perlu dilakukan
sedini mungkin agar SDM di Perguruan Tinggi Swasta Jawa Tengah mempunyai tanggung
jawab dan loyal terhadap lembaga dan tidak mudah meninggalkan lembaganya sehingga kinerja
organisasi dapat meningkat.


Keywords


kinerja organisasi, komitmen, budaya, kepemimpinan transformasional

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.24123/jmb.v12i1.13

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This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License. ISSN: 1412-3789. e-ISSN: 2477-1783.

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